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Antioxidants (Basel). 2018 Dec 25;8(1). pii: E5. doi: 10.3390/antiox8010005.

Antioxidant Capacity and Phytonutrient Content in the Seed Coat and Cotyledon of Common Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) from Various Regions in Mexico.

Author information

1
Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C., Delicias, Chihuahua 33089, Mexico. celia.chavez@ciad.mx.
2
Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C., Delicias, Chihuahua 33089, Mexico. a281607@uach.mx.
3
Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C., Delicias, Chihuahua 33089, Mexico. esteban@ciad.mx.

Abstract

The common bean is a good source of protein and bioactive substances giving it a large antioxidant capacity. The extensive variability of bean genotypes creates the need to characterize them with regard to their nutritional value as a tool in biofortification programs. The purpose of this study was to obtain the antioxidant capacity and phytonutrient content both in the seed coat and the cotyledon of 12 common bean varieties from different regions in Mexico. In the case of the whole seed, lightness (L*), a* (red-purple) and b* (yellow-purple) color coordinates were determined, as well as the chroma and hue angle. In the case of the seed coat and the cotyledon, the protein content, the phytonutrient content and the antioxidant capacity (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH)) were evaluated. A significant difference was observed (p ≤ 0.05) among bean varieties and between seed coat and cotyledon in all variables evaluated. Cotyledon showed a higher content of protein, H, Ni, Zn, Cu, N, P, K S and Mn, while the seed coat showed a higher content of Fe, Ca and Mg and a greater antioxidant capacity (59.99%). The Higuera Azufrado bean variety stood out as having a higher content of N, S and protein. We have concluded that the nutritional characterization performed on Mexican bean varieties represents a valuable tool for genetic enhancement programs and crop biofortification strategies.

KEYWORDS:

Mexico; common bean; cotyledon; minerals; nutraceuticals; seed coat

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