Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Br J Anaesth. 2019 Jan;122(1):131-140. doi: 10.1016/j.bja.2018.08.027. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Non-opioid analgesic modes of pain management are associated with reduced postoperative complications and resource utilisation: a retrospective study of obstructive sleep apnoea patients undergoing elective joint arthroplasty.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Management, Hospital for Special Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA; Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Medicine and Intensive Care Medicine, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.
2
Institute for Healthcare Delivery Science, Department of Population Health Science and Policy, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.
3
Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Management, Hospital for Special Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA.
4
Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Management, Hospital for Special Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA; Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Medicine and Intensive Care Medicine, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria. Electronic address: memtsoudiss@hss.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Studies on the effectiveness of multimodal analgesia, particularly in patients at higher perioperative risk from obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), are lacking. We aimed to assess the impact of multimodal analgesia on opioid use and complications in this high-risk cohort.

METHODS:

We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study of OSA patients undergoing elective lower extremity joint arthroplasty (2006-16, Premier Healthcare database). Multimodal analgesia was defined as opioid use with the addition of one, two, or more non-opioid analgesic modes including, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors, paracetamol/acetaminophen, peripheral nerve blocks, steroids, gabapentin/pregabalin, or ketamine. Multilevel multivariable regression models measured associations between multimodal analgesia and opioid prescription (primary outcome; oral morphine equivalents). Secondary outcomes included opioid- and OSA-related complications, and resource utilisation. Odds ratios (OR) or % change and 95% confidence intervals (CI) are reported.

RESULTS:

Among 181 182 OSA patients included, 88.5% (n = 160 299) received multimodal analgesia with increasing utilisation trends. Multivariable models showed stepwise beneficial postoperative outcome effects with increasing additional analgesic modes compared with opioid-only analgesia. In patients who received more than two additional analgesia modes (n = 64 174), opioid dose prescription decreased by 14.9% (CI -17.0%; -12.7%), while odds were significantly decreased for gastrointestinal complications (OR 0.65, CI 0.53; 0.78), mechanical ventilation (OR 0.23, CI 0.16; 0.32), and critical care admission (OR 0.60, CI 0.48; 0.75), all P<0.0001.

CONCLUSIONS:

In a population at high risk for perioperative complications from OSA, multimodal analgesia was associated with a stepwise reduction in opioid use and complications, including critical respiratory failure.

KEYWORDS:

arthroplasty; hip replacement; knee replacement; multimodal analgesia; opioids; postoperative complications; postoperative outcome; sleep apnoea, obstructive

PMID:
30579391
DOI:
10.1016/j.bja.2018.08.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center