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Orthopade. 2019 May;48(5):420-425. doi: 10.1007/s00132-018-03679-1.

Multiple parameters for evaluating posterior longitudinal ligaments in thoracolumbar burst fractures.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedics, Bozhou District People's Hospital, Zunyi City, Guizhou Province, China.
2
Center for Orthopedics and Trauma, TheThird Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, No. 1, Shuanghu branch Road, 401120, Chongqing, Yubei District, China. shitaostone@163.com.
3
Center for Orthopedics and Trauma, TheThird Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, No. 1, Shuanghu branch Road, 401120, Chongqing, Yubei District, China.
4
Department of Orthopedics, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The posterior longitudinal ligament plays a key role in spinal stability. The purpose of this study was to determine the injuries of the posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) in thoracolumbar burst fractures.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Patients suffering a thoracolumbar burst fracture from January 2011 to December 2015 were divided into an intact group and a disrupted group according to the status of the PLL. Mid-sagittal canal diameter, width and height of bone fragments, inversion angle and horizontal rotation angle of bone fragments and local kyphosis angle were measured. Anterior, middle and posterior vertebrae compression ratio, mid-sagittal diameter compression ratio, ratio of height of bone fragments occupying the posterior wall of the injured vertebral body and ratio of the width of bone fragment occupying the transverse canal diameter were calculated.

RESULTS:

A total of 95 patients were included in the study including 52 patients in the intact group and 43 patients in the disrupted group. There were significant differences on anterior and posterior vertebrae compression ratio, mid-sagittal diameter compression ratio, inversion angle and horizontal rotation angle of bone fragment (P  0.05) between the two groups. Injury of the PLL showed a positive correlation with the mid-sagittal diameter compression ratio and inversion angle of bone fragment (P  0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The mid-sagittal diameter compression ratio and inversion angle of bone fragment can be used to assess the status of the PLL in thoracolumbar burst fractures. When the mid-sagittal diameter compression ratio was 52% and the inversion angle of the bone fragment was 33° the PLL was likely to be disrupted.

KEYWORDS:

Computed tomography; Constriction, pathologic; Kyphosis; Retrospective study; Spinal canal

PMID:
30578443
DOI:
10.1007/s00132-018-03679-1

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