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Exp Dermatol. 2019 Feb;28(2):177-189. doi: 10.1111/exd.13867.

Transcriptomic and lipidomic profiling of eicosanoid/docosanoid signalling in affected and non-affected skin of human atopic dermatitis patients.

Author information

1
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary.
2
Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Allergy-Center-Charité, Charité - Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany.
3
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary.
4
Paprika Bioanalytics BT, Debrecen, Hungary.

Abstract

Lipoxygenases (LOX) and cyclooxygenase (COX) are the main enzymes for PUFA metabolism to highly bio-active prostaglandins, leukotrienes, thromboxanes, lipoxins, resolvins and protectins. LOX and COX pathways are important for the regulation of pro-inflammatory or pro-resolving metabolite synthesis and metabolism for various inflammatory diseases such as atopic dermatitis (AD). In this study, we determined PUFAs and PUFA metabolites in serum as well as affected and non-affected skin samples from AD patients and the dermal expression of various enzymes, binding proteins and receptors involved in these LOX and COX pathways. Decreased EPA and DHA levels in serum and reduced EPA level in affected and non-affected skin were found; in addition, n3/n6-PUFA ratios were lower in affected and non-affected skin and serum. Mono-hydroxylated PUFA metabolites of AA, EPA, DHA and the sum of AA, EPA and DHA metabolites were increased in affected and non-affected skin. COX1 and ALOX12B expression, COX and 12/15-LOX metabolites as well as various lipids, which are known to induce itch (12-HETE, LTB4, TXB2, PGE2 and PGF2) and the ratio of pro-inflammatory vs pro-resolving lipid mediators in non-affected and affected skin as well as in the serum of AD patients were increased, while n3/n6-PUFAs and metabolite ratios were lower in non-affected and affected AD skin. Expression of COX1 and COX-metabolites was even higher in non-affected AD skin. To conclude, 12/15-LOX and COX pathways were mainly upregulated, while n3/n6-PUFA and metabolite ratios were lower in AD patients skin. All these parameters are a hallmark of a pro-inflammatory and non-resolving environment in affected and partly in non-affected skin of AD patients.

KEYWORDS:

PPAR-mediated signalling; leukotriens; lipid mediators; lipids; prostaglandins; skin inflammation

PMID:
30575130
DOI:
10.1111/exd.13867

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