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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Jan;67(1):101-104. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_875_18.

Visual rehabilitation of patients with low vision in uveitis.

Author information

1
School of Chemical and Biotechnology, Shanmugha Arts Science, Technology and Research Academy University, Thanjavur; Low Vision Care Clinic, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
2
Department of Uvea, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
3
Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Department of Vitreoretinal Services, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract

Purpose:

To elucidate the clinical profile of visual impairment (VI) and rehabilitation of the uveitic patients with irreversible low vision.

Methods:

Retrospective analysis of visual rehabilitation of patients with uveitis suffering from poor vision with low vision devices (LVD).

Results:

Most common cause of uveitis was choroiditis (46.29%), followed by retinitis (25.92%), retinochoroiditis (18.51%), and chronic panuveitis sequelae (9.25%). Of these 54 cases, 35.18% had moderate VI, 25.92% had severe VI, 20.37% had mild VI, and 18.51% had profound VI or blindness. Statistically significant improvement (P < 0.05) in near vision was seen in choroiditis (52%) and retinitis (72%), whereas clinically significant improvement in distance vision was found in patients with choroiditis. Most commonly prescribed LVD was half-eye prismatic spectacle magnifier (22.2%).

Conclusion:

Rehabilitation of the uveitic patients with low vision is challenging. LVD may be a beneficial tool in these patients to help them perform their day-to-day activities independently.

KEYWORDS:

Choroiditis; half eyes spectacles; low vision devices; retinitis; uveitis; visual impairment

PMID:
30574902
DOI:
10.4103/ijo.IJO_875_18
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