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Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Dec;97(51):e13654. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000013654.

The effect of Baduanjin qigong combined with CBT on physical fitness and psychological health of elderly housebound.

Author information

1
National Academy of Development and Strategy, Renmin University of China.
2
Nursing and Rehabilitation College, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To investigate the effectiveness of Baduanjin qigong combined with cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) on the physical fitness and psychological health of elderly housebound.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The 120 elderly housebound were randomly divided into 3 intervention groups: Baduanjin training, Baduanjin training combined with CBT, and CBT. The interventions were conducted by means of home visits over 6 months. Spirometry, SF-36 health survey of quality of life, and Lawton and Brody Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale (IADL) were used to collect physical health data, and self-evaluation of overall health status, self-evaluation of loneliness, and short-form geriatric depression scale (GDS-15) were used to collect mental health data at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months after intervention. Data was analyzed by repeated measures analysis of variance (rANOVA) and chi-squared test (χ test).

RESULTS:

Forced vital capacity (FVC), maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV), quality of life (QOL), and self-reported health status were significantly increased (P < .05) in the group receiving joint Baduanjin and CBT intervention at 3 months and 6 months, as compared to the Baduanjin only group or the CBT only group. Activities of daily living (ADL), self-evaluated loneliness, and level of depression were significantly lowered (P < .05) in the group receiving joint Baduanjin and CBT intervention at 3 months and 6 months, as compared to the Baduanjin only group or the CBT only group.

CONCLUSIONS:

Physical and psychological statuses of elderly housebound were significantly improved by Baduanjin training combined with CBT. The effect of the combined intervention exceeded that of CBT or Baduanjin alone.

PMID:
30572482
PMCID:
PMC6320153
DOI:
10.1097/MD.0000000000013654
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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