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Autoimmun Rev. 2019 Feb;18(2):192-198. doi: 10.1016/j.autrev.2018.09.003. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Novel autoantibodies in Sjögren's syndrome: A comprehensive review.

Author information

1
Department of Immunology and Rheumatology, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán. Vasco de Quiroga No. 15, Col. Belisario Domínguez Sección XVI., CP 14080 Mexico City, Mexico.
2
Department of Immunology and Rheumatology, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán. Vasco de Quiroga No. 15, Col. Belisario Domínguez Sección XVI., CP 14080 Mexico City, Mexico.. Electronic address: gabyhm@yahoo.com.

Abstract

Sjögren's syndrome is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by immune- mediated injury of exocrine glands, as well as a diverse array of extraglandular manifestations. B cell over-activation is a key feature of the disease, attested by the wide spectrum of autoantibodies detected in these patients. Up to date, anti- Ro/SSA and anti-La/SSB antibodies are traditional biomarkers for disease classification and diagnosis. On the other hand, the detection of novel autoantibodies in SS has increased in the last years, opening a window of opportunity to denote particular stages of the disease, to establish clinical phenotypes, and to predict long-term complications such as lymphoma. For instance, anti-SP-1, anti-CA6 and anti-PSP antibodies occur in an earlier stage than anti-Ro/La antibodies, and may identify a subset of primary Sjögren's syndrome patients with mild or incomplete disease, whereas anti-cofilin-1, anti- alpha-enolase and anti-RGI2 antibodies are potential biomarkers of MALT lymphoma. Antibody detection is also important to elucidate new aspects of SS pathophysiology, and in the future to permit a phenotype-specific patient approach. Herein we review the literature regarding new autoantibodies in SS and attempt to dissect their usefulness as diagnostic tools, pathogenic role, identification of clinical phenotypes and as predictors of an overlap syndrome.

KEYWORDS:

Autoantibodies; Autoimmunity; Sjögren's syndrome

PMID:
30572138
DOI:
10.1016/j.autrev.2018.09.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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