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J BUON. 2018 Sep-Oct;23(5):1481-1491.

Oxidative and nitrosative stress in myeloproliferative neoplasms: the impact on the AKT / mTOR signaling pathway.

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Deparment of Molecular Biology, Institute for Medical Research, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.



A common feature of malignancies is increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). We analyzed the influence of oxidative and nitrosative stress on the activation of AKT/mTOR signaling pathway in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN).


Oxidative stress-induced gene expression in circulatory CD34+ cells of MPN patients was studied by microarray analysis. Biomarkers of oxidative and nitrosative stress were determined using spectrophotometry in plasma and erythrocyte lysate. The levels of nitrotyrosine, inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and AKT/mTOR/p70S6K phosphorylation were determined by immunocytochemistry and immunoblotting in granulocytes of MPN patients.


Antioxidants superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) and glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPx1) gene expression were increased in circulatory CD34+ cells, while SOD1 and GPx enzymes were reduced in the erythrocytes of MPN. Plasma malonyl-dialdehyde and protein carbonyl levels were elevated in MPN. The total antioxidant capacity in plasma and erythrocyte catalase (CT) activities was the most prominent in primary myelofibrosis (PMF) with JAK2V617F heterozygosity. The total nitrite/nitrate (NOx) level was augmented in the plasma of PMF patients (p<0.001), while nitrotyrosine and iNOS were generally increased in the granulocytes of MPN patients. Activation of AKT/mTOR signaling was the most significant in PMF (p<0.01), but demonstrated JAK2V617F dependence and consequent p70S6K phosphorylation in the granulocytes of essential thrombocytemia (ET) and polycythemia vera (PV) patients. Hydrogen peroxide stimulated mTOR pathway, iNOS and nitrotyrosine quantities, the last one prevented by the antioxidant n-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) in the granulocytes of MPN.


Our study showed increased levels of oxidative and nitrosative stress parameters in MPN with JAK2V617F dependence. The ROS enhanced the constitutive activation of AKT/mTOR signaling and nitrosative parameters in MPN.


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