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J Innov Card Rhythm Manag. 2018 Sep;9:3305-3311.

Outcomes During Intended Fluoroscopy-free Ablation in Adults and Children.

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Electrophysiology Service, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Children's Hospital, Madison, WI, USA.
University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics, Madison, WI, USA.
Pediatric Electrophysiology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin Children's Hospital, Madison, WI, USA.
Contributed equally


Electroanatomic mapping (EAM) systems facilitate the elimination of fluoroscopy during electrophysiologic (EP) studies and ablations. The rate and predictors of fluoroscopy requirements while attempting fluoroscopy-free (FF) ablations are unclear. This study aimed (1) to investigate the rates of fluoroscopic use and acute success in patients initially referred for FF ablation and (2) to identify procedural characteristics associated with fluoroscopic use in patients in whom FF ablation was initially planned (IFF). We performed a retrospective review of all patients who underwent IFF EP study or ablation between 2010 and 2013. Patient and procedural characteristics were compared between those with successful FF procedures and those who subsequently required fluoroscopy during their procedure. An FF EP study with or without ablation was performed in 124 patients during 138 procedures for either supraventricular or idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias. Of the 138 procedures, 105 of them were performed without fluoroscopy. In the remaining 33 cases, fluoroscopy was used for an average of 1.21 minutes ± 1.18 minutes. Acute procedural success was achieved in 97% of both FF and fluoroscopy procedures. The primary reason for fluoroscopy use was as a guide for transseptal puncture. There were no significant differences between FF and fluoroscopy procedures with respect to catheter placement time or complication rate. In conclusion, in this single-center study of IFF procedures, despite careful case selection for IFF ablation, 24% of IFF cases ultimately required minimal fluoroscopy. Fluoroscopy and FF procedures had similar rates of procedural success and complications. Additional large prospective studies are required to further investigate the safety and efficacy of FF ablations.


Ablation; arrhythmia; electroanatomic mapping; fluoroscopy


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