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Int J Artif Organs. 1988 Sep;11(5):343-50.

Clinical effect of recombinant human erythropoietin on anemia associated with chronic renal failure. A multi-institutional study in Japan.

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Fujigaoka Hospital, Showa University, Yokohama, Japan.


Clinical effect and safety of recombinant human erythropoietin (r-HuEPO) were evaluated in 66 hemodialysis patients with intractable anemia. Initially, 50U/kg dry weight (DW) of r-HuEPO was administered intravenously at the end of every hemodialysis procedure for 4 weeks, then the dosage was increased to 100 and 200U/kg DW for poor responders. The patients' hematocrits rose from 19.8 +/- 2.3% (pretreatment) to 30.2 +/- 4.9% after 12 weeks. From 206 U of blood transfusion requirement in the 3-month period before the study, only 34 U were needed after treatment. Serum iron and ferritin levels fell significantly during the study, and iron storage was considered to be one of the decisive factors in the response to r-HuEPO. Blood pressure rose in the course of r-HuEPO administration, but uncontrollable hypertension was rarely observed. There was no significant adverse effect of r-HuEPO except for this mild hypertension. These results indicate that r-HuEPO is an excellent therapeutic aid for the anemia associated with chronic renal failure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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