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Sci Rep. 2018 Dec 19;8(1):17970. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-36231-4.

lncRNA profile study reveals the mRNAs and lncRNAs associated with docetaxel resistance in breast cancer cells.

Author information

1
Section of Pharmacotherapy, Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 2200, Copenhagen N, Denmark.
2
BGI Genomics, BGI-Shenzhen, Shenzhen, 518083, China.
3
The First Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China.
4
The Affiliated Luohu Hospital of Shenzhen University, Shenzhen Luohu Hospital Group, Shenzhen, China. doctor_wusong@126.com.
5
Section of Pharmacotherapy, Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 2200, Copenhagen N, Denmark. nbr@sund.ku.dk.
6
Section of Pharmacotherapy, Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 2200, Copenhagen N, Denmark. stenvang@sund.ku.dk.

Abstract

Resistance to adjuvant systemic treatment, including taxanes (docetaxel and paclitaxel) is a major clinical problem for breast cancer patients. lncRNAs (long non-coding RNAs) are non-coding transcripts, which have recently emerged as important players in a variety of biological processes, including cancer development and chemotherapy resistance. However, the contribution of lncRNAs to docetaxel resistance in breast cancer and the relationship between lncRNAs and taxane-resistance genes are still unclear. Here, we performed comprehensive RNA sequencing and analyses on two docetaxel-resistant breast cancer cell lines (MCF7-RES and MDA-RES) and their docetaxel-sensitive parental cell lines. We identified protein coding genes and pathways that may contribute to docetaxel resistance. More importantly, we identified lncRNAs that were consistently up-regulated or down-regulated in both the MCF7-RES and MDA-RES cells. The co-expression network and location analyses pinpointed four overexpressed lncRNAs located within or near the ABCB1 (ATP-binding cassette subfamily B member 1) locus, which might up-regulate the expression of ABCB1. We also identified the lncRNA EPB41L4A-AS2 (EPB41L4A Antisense RNA 2) as a potential biomarker for docetaxel sensitivity. These findings have improved our understanding of the mechanisms underlying docetaxel resistance in breast cancer and have provided potential biomarkers to predict the response to docetaxel in breast cancer patients.

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