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Eur J Biochem. 1988 Nov 1;177(2):417-24.

Possible control of transcript levels by chlorophyll precursors in Chlamydomonas.

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Ruhr-Universit├Ąt Bochum, Lehrstuhl Biochemie der Pflanzen, Federal Republic of Germany.


Steady-state mRNA levels of the three nuclear genes cab1, rbcS1 and rbcS2 (coding for the light-harvesting chlorophyll-binding protein (LHCP) and the small subunit of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase, respectively) and of the two plastid-encoded genes rbcL and psaA2 (coding for the large subunit of the carboxylase and a member of the P700 chlorophyll a protein, respectively) have been investigated in synchronized Chlamydomonas cells in response to light and inhibitors interfering with chlorophyll synthesis. The accumulation of cab1, rbcS1 and psaA2 transcripts is light-dependent, whereas transcripts from rbcS2 and rbcL genes are present in high amounts in the light and in the dark. Dioxoheptanoic acid, an inhibitor blocking chlorophyll synthesis prior to porphyrin formation, does not affect the accumulation of all five mRNAs. However, inhibition of chlorophyll synthesis by incubating cells with dipyridyl, cycloheximide or nitrogen promotes the accumulation of porphyrin compounds, but specifically prevents the accumulation of light-dependent transcripts. Although functionally unrelated, these inhibitors are known to block an Fe-dependent oxygenase, which is involved in the formation of the isocyclic ring in the chlorophyll molecule. The data are explained as a control by chlorophyll precursors over the accumulation of light-dependent transcripts.

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