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J Insect Sci. 2018 Nov 1;18(6). doi: 10.1093/jisesa/iey128.

Thiamethoxam, Clothianidin, and Imidacloprid Seed Treatments Effectively Control Thrips on Corn Under Field Conditions.

Author information

1
College of Plant Protection, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong, China.
2
College of Horticulture Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Ta'an, Shandong, China.

Abstract

With the widespread adoption of no-tillage technology, outbreaks of thrips have caused serious damage to summer corn fields in China. Therefore, effective control of pest populations is often essential for cost-effective crop production. In this study, experiments were conducted in 2014 and 2015 to determine the control efficacy of seven neonicotinoid insecticide seed treatments against corn thrips and the effects of these treatments on natural enemy population densities and emergence rates, seedling characteristics, and yield of corn. The results showed that among the tested neonicotinoid seed treatments, thiamethoxam (1.0 and 2.0 g active ingredient (AI)/kg of seeds), clothianidin (1.0 and 2.0 g AI/kg of seeds), and imidacloprid (2.0 g AI/kg of seeds) showed the highest control efficacy against corn thrips throughout the corn growing season. Seed treatments with acetamiprid, nitenpyram, dinotefuran, and thiacloprid at rates of 1.0 and 2.0 g AI/kg of seeds were difficult to effectively control thrips on summer corn. Neonicotinoid seed treatments showed no adverse effects on the numbers of spiders and lady beetles. Furthermore, treatments did not negatively influence the seedling growth or development of corn but did prevent yield losses. Therefore, treating corn seeds with thiamethoxam, clothianidin, and imidacloprid can provide effective protection against early-season thrips and reduce yield losses under field conditions.

PMID:
30566643
PMCID:
PMC6299462
DOI:
10.1093/jisesa/iey128
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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