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Mycoses. 2019 Apr;62(4):328-335. doi: 10.1111/myc.12883. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Randomised clinical trial in women with Recurrent Vulvovaginal Candidiasis: Efficacy of probiotics and lactoferrin as maintenance treatment.

Author information

1
Giellepi S.p.A. Health Science, Lissone (MB), Italy.
2
National Centre for Innovative Technologies in Public Health, National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy.
3
Emergency Clinical County Hospital "Pius Branzeu", Timisoara, Romania.
4
Department of Medical Science, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a recurrent vaginal condition in childbearing women.

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of an oral formulation containing Lactobacillus acidophilus GLA-14, Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 and bovine lactoferrin on symptoms and recurrence of VVC as adjuvant therapy to topical clotrimazole.

PATIENTS/METHODS:

Forty-eight women positive for C. albicans, symptoms of VVC and documented history of recurrences were randomised into 2 groups receiving verum or placebo (2 capsules/day for 5 days followed by 1 capsule/day for additional 10 days) as adjuvant treatment to clotrimazole (induction phase) followed by a maintenance cycle of 6 months (1 capsule/day verum or placebo for 10 consecutive days each month). Symptoms, overall cure rate and recurrence rate were assessed.

RESULTS:

After clotrimazole therapy, a significant improvement of symptoms was shown in both groups. However, only women treated with probiotics and lactoferrin showed a significant improvement of itching and discharge at 3 and 6 months. During the six-month follow-up, recurrences were significantly less in the intervention group vs placebo (33.3% vs 91.7% after 3 months and 29.2% vs 100% after 6 months).

CONCLUSIONS:

The results show that the investigated lactobacilli mixture in combination with lactoferrin represents a safe and effective adjuvant approach for reducing symptoms and recurrences of RVVC.

KEYWORDS:

Lactobacillus acidophilus ; Lactobacillus rhamnosus ; Bovine lactoferrin; Candida spp.; Respecta®; vulvovaginal infections

PMID:
30565745
DOI:
10.1111/myc.12883
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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