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Nutrients. 2018 Dec 5;10(12). pii: E1930. doi: 10.3390/nu10121930.

Calcium Intake in Bone Health: A Focus on Calcium-Rich Mineral Waters.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50139 Florence, Italy. letizia.vannucci@unifi.it.
2
Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50139 Florence, Italy. caterina.fossi@unifi.it.
3
Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50139 Florence, Italy. sara.quattrini@unifi.it.
4
Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50139 Florence, Italy. leonardo.guasti@unifi.it.
5
Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50139 Florence, Italy. barbara.pampaloni@unifi.it.
6
Department of Neurosciences, Psychology, Drug Research, and Child Health (Section of Psychology), University of Florence, Via di San Salvi 12, 50139 Florence, Italy. giorgio.gronchi@gmail.com.
7
Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50139 Florence, Italy. francesca.giusti1@alice.it.
8
Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50139 Florence, Italy. cecilia.romagnoli@unifi.it.
9
Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50139 Florence, Italy. luisella.cianferotti@unifi.it.
10
Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50139 Florence, Italy. gemma.marcucci@unifi.it.
11
Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50139 Florence, Italy. marialuisa.brandi@unifi.it.

Abstract

Calcium is an essential element that plays numerous biological functions in the human body, of which one of the most important is skeleton mineralization. Bone is a mineralized connective tissue in which calcium represents the major component, conferring bone strength and structure. Proper dietary calcium intake is important for bone development and metabolism, and its requirement can vary throughout life. The mineral composition of drinking water is becoming relevant in the modulation of calcium homeostasis. In fact, calcium present in mineral drinking waters is an important quantitative source of calcium intake. This, together with its excellent bioavailability, contributes to the maintenance of the bone health. This article aims to examine studies that assessed the bioavailability of the calcium contained in calcium-rich mineral waters and their impact on bone health, including original data collected in a recent study in humans.

KEYWORDS:

Calcium; bone metabolism; calcium homeostasis; calcium-rich water; mineral water

PMID:
30563174
PMCID:
PMC6316542
DOI:
10.3390/nu10121930
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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