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Adv Mater. 2019 May;31(20):e1804826. doi: 10.1002/adma.201804826. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Nanocellulose for Energy Storage Systems: Beyond the Limits of Synthetic Materials.

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Department of Energy Engineering, School of Energy and Chemical Engineering, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), Ulsan, 44919, Republic of Korea.
Key Laboratory of Bio-Based Material Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, 150040, P. R. China.


The ongoing surge in demand for high-performance energy storage systems inspires the relentless pursuit of advanced materials and structures. Components of energy storage systems are generally based on inorganic/metal compounds, carbonaceous substances, and petroleum-derived hydrocarbon chemicals. These traditional materials, however, may have difficulties fulfilling the ever-increasing requirements of energy storage systems. Recently, nanocellulose has garnered considerable attention as an exceptional 1D element due to its natural abundance, environmental friendliness, recyclability, structural uniqueness, facile modification, and dimensional stability. Recent advances and future outlooks of nanocellulose as a green material for energy storage systems are described, with a focus on its application in supercapacitors, lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), and post-LIBs. Nanocellulose is typically classified as cellulose nanofibril (CNF), cellulose nanocrystal (CNC), and bacterial cellulose (BC). The unusual 1D structure and chemical functionalities of nanocellulose bring unprecedented benefits to the fabrication and performance of energy storage materials and systems, which lie far beyond those achievable with conventional synthetic materials. It is believed that this progress report can stimulate research interests in nanocellulose as a promising material, eventually widening material horizons for the development of next-generation energy storage systems, that will lead us closer to so-called Battery-of-Things (BoT) era.


bacterial cellulose; cellulose nanocrystals; cellulose nanofibrils; energy storage systems; nanocellulose


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