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Am J Physiol. 1988 Nov;255(5 Pt 1):E591-6.

Furosemide reduces insulin release by inhibition of Cl- and Ca2+ fluxes in beta-cells.

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Department of Histology, University of Umeå, Sweden.


The effect of furosemide on insulin release, glucose oxidation, 36Cl- fluxes, and 45Ca2+ uptake was studied in isolated, beta-cell-rich pancreatic islets from ob/ob mice. Low concentrations of furosemide (0.01-0.1 mM) reduced the glucose-induced insulin release, whereas high doses (1-10 mM) increased basal and glucose-induced release. Furosemide at concentrations that reduced glucose-induced insulin release (0.01-0.1 mM) did not affect the islet production of 14CO2 from D-[U-14C]glucose. The influx rate and equilibrium content of 36Cl- were reduced by furosemide, whereas the basal and glucose-stimulated 36Cl- efflux rates were unaffected. The glucose-induced (10 mM) uptake of 45Ca2+ was inhibited by furosemide. It is suggested that the diabetogenic action of furosemide may be due, at least in part, to direct inhibition of insulin release from the pancreatic beta-cells. This may be caused primarily by inhibition of an inwardly directed Cl- pump, leading to a reduced transmembrane electrochemical gradient for chloride in the beta-cells. This reduced gradient in combination with unaltered Cl- permeability may lead to decreased total outward Cl- transport, a factor associated with stimulated calcium uptake and insulin release.

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