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J Hum Genet. 2019 Mar;64(3):191-197. doi: 10.1038/s10038-018-0551-7. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Detecting a long insertion variant in SAMD12 by SMRT sequencing: implications of long-read whole-genome sequencing for repeat expansion diseases.

Author information

1
Department of Human Genetics, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, 236-0004, Japan. tmizu@yokohama-cu.ac.jp.
2
Department of Neurology, University of Occupational and Environmental Health School of Medicine, Kitakyushu, 807-8555, Japan.
3
Department of Human Genetics, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, 236-0004, Japan.
4
Department of Human Genetics, Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama, 236-0004, Japan. miyatake@yokohama-cu.ac.jp.
5
Clinical Genetics Department, Yokohama City University Hospital, Yokohama, 236-0004, Japan. miyatake@yokohama-cu.ac.jp.

Abstract

Long-read sequencing technology is now capable of reading single-molecule DNA with an average read length of more than 10 kb, fully enabling the coverage of large structural variations (SVs). This advantage may pave the way for the detection of unprecedented SVs as well as repeat expansions. Pathogenic SVs of only known genes used to be selectively analyzed based on prior knowledge of target DNA sequence. The unbiased application of long-read whole-genome sequencing (WGS) for the detection of pathogenic SVs has just begun. Here, we apply PacBio SMRT sequencing in a Japanese family with benign adult familial myoclonus epilepsy (BAFME). Our SV selection of low-coverage WGS data (7×) narrowed down the candidates to only six SVs in a 7.16-Mb region of the BAFME1 locus and correctly determined an approximately 4.6-kb SAMD12 intronic repeat insertion, which is causal of BAFME1. These results indicate that long-read WGS is potentially useful for evaluating all of the known SVs in a genome and identifying new disease-causing SVs in combination with other genetic methods to resolve the genetic causes of currently unexplained diseases.

PMID:
30559482
DOI:
10.1038/s10038-018-0551-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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