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Nutrients. 2018 Dec 15;10(12). pii: E1993. doi: 10.3390/nu10121993.

Acute Effect of Resistant Starch on Food Intake, Appetite and Satiety in Overweight/Obese Males.

Author information

1
Clinical Nutrition Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah 21423, Saudi Arabia. Najlaa.almana@gmail.com.
2
Nutritional Sciences, University of Surrey, Leggett Building, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7WG, UK. m.robertson@surrey.ac.uk.

Abstract

Several studies have linked increased intake of dietary fibre to improvement in the management of body weight. Dietary fibre from resistant starch (RS) has been shown to have an impact on food intake in normal weight individuals, but its role in obesity is unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the short-term effects of RS on appetite, satiety and postprandial metabolism in overweight/obese subjects. In this single-blind randomized crossover study, overweight/obese healthy males consumed a test breakfast and lunch containing either 48 g RS or a placebo. Postprandial qualitative appetite, glucose, insulin, and GLP-1 were measured every 30 min for 7 h. Energy intake values from an ad libitum dinner and for a 24-h period were assessed. Acute consumption of RS at breakfast/lunch significantly reduced the energy intake at the ad libitum dinner (p = 0.017). No significant effect over 24 h or qualitative feelings of satiety were observed. Significant treatment × time effects were found for postprandial glucose (p = 0.004) for RS compared to placebo, with a trend for higher C-peptide concentrations following RS. The postprandial insulin and GLP-1 responses were not significantly different. RS may indeed have short-term beneficial effects in obese individuals.

KEYWORDS:

appetite; dietary fibre; glucagon-like peptide-1; obesity; resistant starch; satiety

PMID:
30558330
PMCID:
PMC6316739
DOI:
10.3390/nu10121993
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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