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Biomed Pharmacother. 2019 Jan;109:2136-2144. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2018.11.064. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Curcumin augments the cardioprotective effect of metformin in an experimental model of type I diabetes mellitus; Impact of Nrf2/HO-1 and JAK/STAT pathways.

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Pharmacology and Toxicology Department, Faculty of Pharmacy (Girls), Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.
Pharmacology and Toxicology Department, Faculty of Pharmacy (Girls), Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address:


Metformin is one of the most commonly prescribed antidiabetic drugs. A recent clinical study has highlighted the protective role of metformin against cardiac complications in type I diabetes. Curcumin is a natural compound with well-known antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The present study was designed to investigate the possible role of curcumin in potentiating metformin`s putative effects. Rats received single injection of 52.5 mg/kg streptozocin and the diabetic rats were treated with metformin (200 mg/kg/day), curcumin (100 mg/kg/day) and their combination for 6 weeks. Diabetic rats showed degenerated myocardium as well as significant increase in Creatine Kinase-MB (CK-MB), troponin I and TGF-β1 levels. In addition, cardiac levels of lipid peroxidation, IL-6, and NF-κB were significantly elevated. Although treatment with metformin restored most of the measured parameters, it showed insignificant improvement in histopathological architecture accompanied by absence of antioxidant effect. Interestingly, concomitant administration of curcumin along with metformin revealed more protection than metformin alone. Inhibition of JAK/STAT pathway and activation of Nrf2/HO-1 pathway seems to be among the mechanisms mediating the effects of curcumin and metformin. The findings of this study highlight the benefits of metformin/curcumin combination in preventing diabetic cardiomyopathy.


Curcumin; Diabetic cardiomyopathy; JAK/STAT; Metformin; Nrf2/HO-1

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