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J Atten Disord. 2018 Dec 14:1087054718816818. doi: 10.1177/1087054718816818. [Epub ahead of print]

Computerized Cognitive Training for ADHD as an Add-On Treatment to Stimulants: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Author information

1
1 Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
2
2 National Institute of Developmental Psychiatry for Children and Adolescents, São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Computerized cognitive training (CCT) as add-on treatment to stimulants for ADHD core symptoms is scarcely investigated. The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of CCT in a randomized controlled clinical trial for ADHD in children and adolescents treated with stimulants.

METHOD:

Fifty-three participants aged 6 to 13 years receiving stimulant treatment and presenting ADHD residual symptoms were randomized either to a CCT ( n = 29) or to a controlled nonactive condition ( n = 24) for four sessions/week during 12 weeks. The main outcome measure was inattentive symptoms assessed using the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham-IV (SNAP-IV) Scale. Secondary outcomes include, among others, hyperactive/impulsive symptoms and cognitive tests.

RESULTS:

There were neither significant group differences on ADHD-inattentive symptoms after the intervention nor on both ADHD-hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms and cognitive measures.

CONCLUSION:

Our study does not provide evidence for the benefits of cognitive training over nonactive training on core ADHD symptoms in medicated ADHD children and adolescents.

KEYWORDS:

ADHD; cognitive training; randomized trial; treatment

PMID:
30547696
DOI:
10.1177/1087054718816818

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