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Biomed Rep. 2018 Dec;9(6):483-490. doi: 10.3892/br.2018.1155. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Association of vitamin D receptor ApaI gene polymorphism with osteoporosis susceptibility in postmenopausal Han Chinese women in Xinjiang.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital, Shihezi University School of Medicine, Shihezi, Xinjiang 832000, P.R. China.
2
Department of Pathology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Shihezi University School of Medicine, Shihezi, Xinjiang 832000, P.R. China.

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a polygenic disorder and has been demonstrated to be associated with ~30 candidate genes, the majority of which have also been implicated in the regulation of bone mineral density (BMD). Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is the candidate gene that has been most extensively studied. Certain studies have reported that the VDR single nucleotide polymorphism ApaI is associated with the risk of osteoporosis in Caucasian and African women. However, this association has not yet been studied in postmenopausal Han Chinese women in the Xinjiang area. In the present study, ApaI polymorphisms of VDR were defined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism, in order to analyze the distribution of ApaI polymorphisms in postmenopausal Han Chinese women from Xinjiang. BMD was measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry at the lumbar spine (L2-4), Ward's triangle, great trochanter and femoral shaft. A total of 336 women were included in this study. The genotype distribution of ApaI was consistent with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (all P>0.05). There were no significant differences in ApaI genotype frequencies between the 90 cases in the osteoporosis group and 246 cases in the non-osteoporosis group (P=0.946). Meanwhile, it was identified that BMD values of the tested locations were negatively correlated with age (P<0.05) and positively correlated with body mass index (BMI; P<0.05). On further attribution risk analysis, BMD was identified as a risk factor [odds ratio (OR): 0.464, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.372-0.580, P=0.001] and BMI a protective factor (OR: 1.502, 95% CI: 1.008-2.240, P=0.032) in osteoporosis. When BMD was adjusted for confounding factors including age and BMI, it was observed that the ApaI polymorphism was not associated with BMD at the sites tested (P>0.05). In conclusion, the present study identified no significant association of the common VDR polymorphism ApaI with BMD at several skeletal sites in postmenopausal Han Chinese women in the Xinjiang area. Age was negatively correlated with BMD at different sites and identified as a risk factor; while BMI was positively correlated with BMD and identified as a protective factor.

KEYWORDS:

ApaI; body mass index; bone mineral density; gene polymorphism; osteoporosis

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