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PLoS One. 2018 Dec 13;13(12):e0207878. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0207878. eCollection 2018.

Periods of high dengue transmission defined by rainfall do not impact efficacy of dengue vaccine in regions of endemic disease.

Author information

1
Université de Bordeaux, INSERM U1219 Bordeaux Population Health center, INRIA SISTM, Bordeaux, France.
2
Vaccine Research Institute, Creteil, France.
3
ENS Cachan, Université Paris-Saclay, Cachan, France.
4
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America.
5
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America.
6
Sanofi Pasteur, Marcy L'Etoile, France.
7
Sanofi Pasteur, Singapore, Singapore.
8
Vaccine Trial Centre and Department of Clinical Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Nakorn Pratum, Thailand.
9
Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Alabang, Muntinlupa City, Philippines.
10
Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá, Bogotá, Colombia.
11
Sanofi Pasteur, Bogotá, Colombia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the association of rainy season with overall dengue disease incidence and with the efficacy of the Sanofi Pasteur recombinant, live, attenuated, tetravalent vaccine (CYD-TDV) in two randomized, controlled multicenter phase III clinical trials in Asia and Latin America.

METHODS:

Rainy seasons were defined for each study site using climatological information from the World Meteorological Organization. The dengue attack rate in the placebo group for each study month was calculated as the number of symptomatic, virologically-confirmed dengue events in a given month divided by the number of participants at risk in the same month. Time-dependent Cox proportional hazard models were used to test whether rainy season was associated with dengue disease and whether it modified vaccine efficacy in each of the two trials and in both of the trials combined.

FINDINGS:

Rainy season, country, and age were all significantly associated with dengue disease in both studies. Vaccine efficacy did not change during the rainy season in any of the analyses.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although dengue transmission and exposure are expected to increase during the rainy season, our results indicate that CYD-TDV vaccine efficacy remains constant throughout the year in endemic regions.

PMID:
30543657
PMCID:
PMC6292612
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0207878
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Conflict of interest statement

I have read the journal’s policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests; ZM, MEH and PG were funded by contracts from Sanofi Pasteur. EL, RLO, MC, CF and LC are employees of Sanofi Pasteur. GC was employed as a Principal Investigator Coordinator by Fundacion Santa Fe de Bogotá who were contracted by Sanofi Pasteur to conduct the CYD15 study at five of the nine sites in Colombia. This does not alter our adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

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