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Anticancer Agents Med Chem. 2019;19(3):304-309. doi: 10.2174/1871520619666181213110258.

Let-7a Could Serve as A Biomarker for Chemo-Responsiveness to Docetaxel in Gastric Cancer.

Author information

Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.



MicroRNAs are noncoding RNAs which play critical roles in response to anti-cancer agents. Let-7a and miR-21 are well-known tumor-suppressor and oncomiR miRNAs, respectively. They are involved in tumorigenesis of gastric cancer and have potential to be used as markers in response to the therapy.


We aimed to study alterations in the expression of Let-7a and miR-21, and their targets in gastric cancer cell lines after treatment with docetaxel.


In order to determine the IC50 of docetaxel, MTT assay was performed in AGS, MKN45 and KATO III gastric cancer cell lines. The expression levels of Let-7a and miR-21 and their target genes, HMGA2 and PDCD4, were determined by reverse-transcription quantitative real-time PCR for both treated and untreated cell lines.


MTT assay showed higher IC50 concentration of docetaxel in KATO III in comparison with AGS and MKN45, indicating KATO III`s higher resistance to docetaxel. Following the treatment, the expression level of Let-7a was significantly increased in AGS and MKN45, while decreased in KATO III. Expression level of miR- 21 in the three treated cell lines was increased significantly. Not only Let-7a, but also expression level of HMGA2 and PDCD4 genes showed different patterns in KATO III in comparison with AGS and MKN45.


Down-regulation and up-regulation of Let-7a in docetaxel-resistant and sensitive cell lines, respectively indicates its potential usefulness as biomarker for responsiveness of gastric cancer to the therapy with docetaxel and also for predicting patient`s outcome.


Gastric cancer; Let-7a; chemoresistance; chemosensitivity; docetaxel; miR-21.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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