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Eur J Nutr. 2019 Dec;58(8):2971-2982. doi: 10.1007/s00394-018-1876-x. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

The association between serum zinc level and overweight/obesity: a meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, The Medical College of Qingdao University, No. 38 Dengzhou Road, Qingdao, 266021, China.
2
Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, The Medical College of Qingdao University, No. 38 Dengzhou Road, Qingdao, 266021, China. jiangxiubo2005@126.com.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The association between serum zinc level and overweight/obesity remains controversial. Hence, we performed a meta-analysis to summarize the relationships.

METHODS:

A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science and Embase for relevant English articles up to April 20, 2018. The pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated with the random-effect model.

RESULTS:

For children and adults, the results showed that serum zinc level was significantly lower in the cases compared to controls ([SMD (95% CI): - 1.13 (- 2.03, - 0.23), Z = 2.45, P for Z = 0.014; I2 = 97.1%, P for I2 < 0.001] and [SMD (95% CI): - 0.41 (- 0.68, - 0.15), Z = 3.03, P for Z = 0.002; I2 = 62.9%, P for I2 = 0.009], respectively). The difference of serum zinc level between overweight adults and controls was not statistically significant [SMD (95% CI): - 0.09 (- 0.27, 0.09), Z = 0.97, P for Z = 0.334; I2 = 0.0%, P for I2 = 0.411]. In subgroup analyses, a lower serum zinc level in obese children compared with non-obese controls was observed [SMD (95% CI): - 2.14 (- 3.20, - 1.09)], and the SMD differ significantly between obese adults and controls in the case-control studies [SMD (95% CI): - 0.49 (- 0.90, - 0.08)].

CONCLUSION:

Our meta-analysis suggested that the serum zinc level was significantly lower in obese children and adults. More large observational studies are required to confirm these results in future research.

KEYWORDS:

Meta-analysis; Obesity; Overweight; Trace elements; Zinc; Zn

PMID:
30542939
DOI:
10.1007/s00394-018-1876-x

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