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J Oleo Sci. 2019 Jan 1;68(1):21-31. doi: 10.5650/jos.ess18179. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Kinetic Study of the Quenching Reaction of Singlet Oxygen by Eight Vegetable Oils in Solution.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ehime University.
2
Food and Biodynamic Chemistry Laboratory, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University.

Abstract

A kinetic study of the reaction of singlet oxygen (1O2) with eight vegetable oils 1-8 containing different concentrations of tocopherols (Tocs) and tocotrienols (Toc-3s) was performed. The second-order rate constants (kQ) for the reaction of 1O2 with vegetable oils 1-8 (rice bran, perilla, rape seed, safflower, grape seed, sesame, extra virgin olive, and olive oils) were measured in ethanol/chloroform/D2O (50:50:1, v/v/v) solution at 35°C using UV-vis spectrophotometry. Furthermore, comparisons of kQ values determined for the above oils 1-8 with the sum of the product {∑kQAO-i [AO-i]/105} of the kQAO-i values obtained for each antioxidant (AO-i) and concentration (in mg/100 g) ([AO-i]/105) of AO-i (Tocs and Toc-3s) contained in the oils 1-8 were performed. The observed kQ values were not reproduced by the kQ values calculated using only the concentrations of the four Tocs and Toc-3s. These results suggest that the contribution of fatty acids contained in the oils 1-8 is also necessary to fully explain the kQ values. Recently, the second-order rate constants (kS) for the reaction of aroxyl radical (ArO・) with the same vegetable oils 1-8 were measured in the same solvent at 25℃ using stopped-flow spectrophotometry (Ref. 23). The kS values obtained could be well explained as the sum of the product {Σ kSAO-i [AO-i]/105} of the kSAO-i and the [AO-i]/105 of AO-i (Tocs and Toc-3s) contained in the vegetable oils.

KEYWORDS:

vegetable oils; SOAC assay method; antioxidant activity; reaction rate; singlet oxygen; tocopherol and tocotrienol

PMID:
30542012
DOI:
10.5650/jos.ess18179
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