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J Biol Chem. 2019 Feb 8;294(6):2133-2141. doi: 10.1074/jbc.TM118.002812. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Roles of the endoplasmic reticulum-resident, collagen-specific molecular chaperone Hsp47 in vertebrate cells and human disease.

Ito S1, Nagata K2,3,4.

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From the Institute for Protein Dynamics.
From the Institute for Protein Dynamics,
Department of Molecular Biosciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, and.
CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kyoto 603-8555, Japan.


Heat shock protein 47 (Hsp47) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident molecular chaperone essential for correct folding of procollagen in mammalian cells. In this Review, we discuss the role and function of Hsp47 in vertebrate cells and its role in connective tissue disorders. Hsp47 binds to collagenous (Gly-Xaa-Arg) repeats within triple-helical procollagen in the ER and can prevent its local unfolding or aggregate formation, resulting in accelerating triple-helix formation of procollagen. Hsp47 pH-dependently dissociates from procollagen in the cis-Golgi or ER-Golgi intermediate compartment and is then transported back to the ER. Although Hsp47 belongs to the serine protease inhibitor (serpin) superfamily, it does not possess serine protease inhibitory activity. Whereas general molecular chaperones such as Hsp70 and Hsp90 exhibit broad substrate specificity, Hsp47 has narrower specificity mainly for procollagens. However, other Hsp47-interacting proteins have been recently reported, suggesting a much broader role for Hsp47 in the cell that warrants further investigation. Other ER-resident stress proteins, such as binding immunoglobulin protein (BiP), are induced by ER stress, whereas Hsp47 is induced only by heat shock. Constitutive expression of Hsp47 is always correlated with expression of various collagen types, and disruption of the Hsp47 gene in mice causes embryonic lethality due to impaired basement membrane and collagen fibril formation. Increased Hsp47 expression is associated with collagen-related disorders such as fibrosis, characterized by abnormal collagen accumulation, highlighting Hsp47's potential as a clinically relevant therapeutic target.


FKBP65; IRE1alpha; Osteogenesis imperfecta; TANGO1; collagen; endoplasmic reticulum (ER); fibrosis; heat shock protein (HSP); molecular chaperone; serpin; thrombosis

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