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BMC Public Health. 2018 Dec 13;18(Suppl 4):1313. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-6197-8.

Routine immunization community surveys as a tool for guiding program implementation in Kaduna state, Nigeria 2015-2016.

Author information

1
World Health Organization Country Office, Abuja, Nigeria. nomhwanget@who.int.
2
National Primary Health Care Agency, Abuja, Nigeria.
3
World Health Organization Country Office, Abuja, Nigeria.
4
World Health Organization, Kaduna Field Office, Kaduna, Nigeria.
5
Kaduna State Primary Healthcare Development Agency, Kaduna, Nigeria.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Routine childhood immunization remains an important strategy for achieving polio eradication and maintaining a polio-free world. To address gaps in reported administrative coverage data, community surveys were conducted to verify coverage, and guide strategic interventions for improved coverage.

METHODS:

We reviewed the conduct of community surveys by World Health Organization (WHO) field volunteers deployed as part of the surge capacity to Kaduna state and the use of survey results between July 2015 and June 2016. Monthly and quarterly collation and use of these data to guide the deployment of various interventions aimed at strengthening routine immunization in the state.

RESULTS:

Over 97,000 children aged 0-11 months were surveyed by 138 field volunteers across 237 of the 255 wards in Kaduna state. Fully or appropriately immunized children increased from 67% in the fourth quarter of 2015 to 76% by the end of the second quarter of 2016. Within the period reviewed, the number of local government areas with < 80% coverage reduced from eight to zero.

CONCLUSIONS:

The routine conduct of community surveys by volunteers to inform interventions has shown an improvement in the vaccination status of children 0-11 months in Kaduna state and remains a useful tool in addressing administrative data quality issues.

KEYWORDS:

Community survey; Immunization status; Kaduna; Routine immunization

PMID:
30541515
PMCID:
PMC6291913
DOI:
10.1186/s12889-018-6197-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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