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BMC Public Health. 2018 Dec 13;18(Suppl 4):1314. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-6182-2.

Targeting the last polio sanctuaries with Directly Observed Oral Polio Vaccination (DOPV) in northern Nigeria, (2014-2016).

Author information

1
World Health Organization, Country Representative Office, Abuja, Nigeria. Korirc@who.int.
2
National Primary Health Care Agency, Abuja, Nigeria.
3
World Health Organization, Country Representative Office, Abuja, Nigeria.
4
World Health Organization, Regional Office for Africa, Brazzaville, Congo.
5
UNICEF Country Office, Abuja, Nigeria.
6
Global Public Health Solutions, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The declaration of poliomyelitis eradication as a programmatic emergency for global public health by the 65th World Health Assembly in 2012 necessitated innovations and strategies to achieve results. Review of the confirmed polio cases in 2013 showed that most of the cases were from non-compliant households, where parents connived with vaccinators to finger mark the children without actually vaccinating the children with oral polio vaccine or children were absent from home at the time of the visit of vaccinators.

METHODS:

We used pre-post design to quantify the outcomes of directly observed vaccination in 90 local government areas from 12 northern Nigeria states at very high risk of polio transmission. The strategy is an intervention, vaccinating children under the direct supervision of an independent supervisor to ensure compliance. Attractive incentives (pluses) were used to make parents willingly submit their children for vaccination or directly attract children to the vaccination teams or post as part of this strategy.

RESULTS:

There was a steady increase in population immunity in all the 90 DOPV implementing LGAs since the introduction of DOPV in 2013. The number of states in which > 90% of children received > 4 OPV doses increased from 7 in 2013 to 11 states by July 2016. Yobe state reported the highest proportional increase from 75 to 99% by July 2016 (22% increase), while Kano state reported 17% increase, from 82 to 99% by July 2016.

CONCLUSION:

Directly observed polio vaccination strategy improved uptake of polio vaccines and population immunity in high-risk areas for polio transmission.

KEYWORDS:

And compliance; Directly observed polio vaccination; Incentives; Supervision

PMID:
30541493
PMCID:
PMC6291915
DOI:
10.1186/s12889-018-6182-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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