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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2019 May 1;104(5):1667-1676. doi: 10.1210/jc.2018-01705.

Oocyte-Secreted Factors Synergize With FSH to Promote Aromatase Expression in Primary Human Cumulus Cells.

Author information

1
Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.
2
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

The role of growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) on aromatase regulation is poorly understood in humans.

OBJECTIVE:

Determine GDF9 and BMP15 effects on FSH stimulation of estradiol production in primary human cumulus granulosa cells (GCs). We hypothesized that the combination of GDF9 and BMP15 potentiates FSH-induced aromatase expression.

DESIGN:

Primary human cumulus GCs in culture.

SETTING:

University infertility center.

PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:

GCs of 60 women undergoing in vitro fertilization were collected.

INTERVENTIONS:

Cells were treated with GDF9 and/or BMP15 (GB) in the presence or absence of FSH, dibutyryl cAMP, or SMAD inhibitors.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Promoter activity, mRNA, protein, and estradiol levels were quantified.

RESULTS:

FSH and GB treatment increased CYP19A1 promoter activity, mRNA, and protein levels as well as estradiol when compared with cells treated with FSH only. GB treatment potentiated cAMP stimulation of aromatase and IGF2 stimulation by FSH. GB effects were inhibited by SMAD3 inhibitors and IGF1 receptor inhibitors. GB, but not FSH, stimulates SMAD3 phosphorylation.

CONCLUSION:

The combination of GDF9 and BMP15 potently stimulates the effect of FSH and cAMP on CYP19a1 promoter activity and mRNA/protein levels. These effects translate into an increase in estradiol production. This potentiation seems to occur through activation of the SMAD2/3 and SMAD3 signaling pathway and involves, at least in part, the effect of the IGF system.

PMID:
30541132
PMCID:
PMC6441017
[Available on 2019-12-11]
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2018-01705

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