Send to

Choose Destination
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2019 Mar;73(3):149-154. doi: 10.1097/FJC.0000000000000643.

Titration and Tolerability of Sacubitril/Valsartan for Patients With Heart Failure in Clinical Practice.

Author information

University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Canadian VIGOUR Centre, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Heart Function Clinic, Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.


Little is known about the dosing and tolerability of sacubitril/valsartan (LCZ696; Entresto, Quebec, Canada) in a nonclinical trial population. This study was conducted to evaluate the use and tolerability of sacubitril/valsartan in patients followed at a multidisciplinary heart failure (HF) clinic. We performed a retrospective chart review of 126 patients with HF, initiated on sacubitril/valsartan, and seen at a specialty HF clinic between August 1, 2015, and August 1, 2017. We defined the target dose of sacubitril/valsartan as 200 mg twice a day. At baseline, median age was 67 years, 77% were men, median ejection fraction was 29%, and 86.5% of patients had symptoms of New York Heart Association class ≥II. Within 6 months of being transitioned onto sacubitril/valsartan therapy, 27.2% achieved the target dose of 200 mg twice a day, 40.8% achieved the target dose of 100 mg twice a day, and 32.0% achieved the target dose of 50 mg twice a day. The main reasons for not achieving target dose within 6 months included slower uptitration of therapy than in the trial (n = 41, 54.7%), a decrease in systolic blood pressure (n = 19, 25.3%), not completing blood work (n = 3, 4%), and patient noncompliance (n = 3, 4%). Overall, achievement of sacubitril/valsartan target doses was modest in a tertiary HF clinic, limited by various factors such as side effects and patients' medication noncompliance. Implementation of patient and clinician support pathways may improve uptake, uptitration, and maintenance of evidence-based doses in clinical practice.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center