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J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2019 Jan;28(1):1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2018.08.023. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

MiR-34b Protects Against Focal Cerebral Ischemia-Reperfusion (I/R) Injury in Rat by Targeting Keap1.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, China; Department of Neurosurgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, China.
2
Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, China.
3
Department of Neurosurgery, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, China.
4
Department of Neurosurgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, China. Electronic address: luanxinping4324177@163.com.

Abstract

Ischemic stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability globally and has been regarded as a major public health problem. Understanding the mechanism of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced oxidative stress injury may provide new treatment for ischemic stroke. Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1)/ NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/ antioxidant response elements (ARE) signaling pathway has been considered to be the major cellular defense against oxidative stress. In the present study, our objective is to evaluate the molecular mechanism of miR-34b/Keap1 in modulating focal cerebral I/R induced oxidative injury. miR-34b was predicted to target the 3'-UTR of the rat Keap1. After focal cerebral I/R, miR-34b expression was downregulated in a time-dependent manner; miR-34b overexpression ameliorated I/R-induced oxidative stress injury in middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rats by reducing the infarction volume, the neurological severity scores, the levels of nitric oxide (NO) and (3-nitrotyrosine) 3-NT while increasing total (superoxide dismutases) SOD and manganese SOD (MnSOD). Through direct targeting, miR-34b could suppress the protein levels of Keap1 and increase the protein levels of Nrf2 and heme oxygenase (HO-1). Regarding the molecular mechanism, Keap1 overexpression exacerbated, while miR-34b improved H2O2-induced oxidative stress injury; the effect of miR-34b could be partially attenuated by Keap1 overexpression, suggesting that miR-34b modulated oxidative stress injury in vitro and in vivo through targeting Keap1. Taken together, we demonstrate that miR-34b protects against focal cerebral I/R-induced oxidative stress injury in MCAO rats and H2O2-induced oxidative stress injury in rat neuroblast B35 cells through targeting Keap1 and downstream Keap1/Nrf2 signaling pathway. We provided a novel mechanism of focal cerebral I/R injury from the perspective of miRNA regulation.

KEYWORDS:

Focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury—miR-34b—Keap1—Keap1/Nrf2 signaling—oxidative stress injury

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