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J Gen Microbiol. 1988 Mar;134(3):585-98.

Cloning, expression in Escherichia coli and nucleotide sequence of a tetracycline-resistance gene from Streptomyces rimosus.

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Laboratoire de Recherche CAYLA, Centre commercial de Gros, Toulouse, France.


Determinants of tetracycline resistance have been cloned from two different tetracycline-producing industrial strains of Streptomyces into Streptomyces lividans using the plasmid vector pUT206. Three plasmids, pUT250 and pUT260 with a 9.5 and a 7.5 kb insert respectively of Streptomyces rimosus DNA, and pUT270 with a 14.0 kb insert of Streptomyces aureofaciens DNA, conferring resistance to tetracycline, have been isolated. By in vitro sub-cloning, a similar fragment of 2.45 kb containing the tetracycline resistance gene (tet347) was further localized on these plasmids. The S. rimosus gene has been cloned into Escherichia coli and expressed under the control of lambda pL or Lpp promoters. Differential protein extraction of E. coli cells revealed the presence of an additional membrane-embedded protein in tetracycline-resistant cells. On the basis of available restriction endonuclease maps, the tet347 gene is probably identical to the tetB gene from S. rimosus recently identified by T. Ohnuki and co-workers as responsible for the reduced accumulation of tetracycline. The nucleotide sequence of a 2052 bp DNA fragment containing the TcR structural gene from S. rimosus has been determined. The amino acid sequence of the tet347 protein (Mr35818) deduced from the nucleotide sequence shows a limited but significant homology to other characterized tetracycline transport acting determinants from pathogenic bacteria.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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