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J Cell Physiol. 2019 Aug;234(8):12865-12875. doi: 10.1002/jcp.27951. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Activating Mas receptor protects human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells against LPS-induced apoptosis via the NF-kB p65/P53 feedback pathways.

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Department of Critical Care Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University affiliated to The Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, China.


The balance between Ang II/AT1R and Ang-(1-7)/Mas plays a pivotal role in the development of lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, the mechanisms underlying the balancing process still remain unclear. Here we investigated the roles of nuclear factor (NF)-κB and p53 in regulating AT1R and Mas expression. The results demonstrated that Ang II pretreatment resulted in downregulation of Mas and upregulation of AT1R, phosphorylated p65, and apoptosis in LPS-treated Human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMVECs), but had no effect on p53 expression. Lentiviral vector-mediated P65 knockdown, but not a P53 knockdown, reversed all these effects of Ang II. On the other hand, Ang-(1-7) pretreatment lead to an increased in Mas expression and a decrease in AT1R, p53, and phosphorylated p65 expressions with suppressed apoptosis in LPS-treated cells. P65 knockdown promoted the protein expression of both AT1R and Mas while inhibiting p53 expression. P53 knockdown, but not a p65 knockdown, reversed all these effects of Ang-(1-7). Interestingly, p65 overexpression upregulated p53 and AT1R but downregulated Mas. P53 knockdown activated p65. These results suggest that there is a two-way feedback regulation between AT1R and Mas receptor via the NF-kB p65/P53 pathway, which may play a key role in LPS-induced HPMVECs apoptosis.


Mas receptor; P53 pathway; apoptosis; nuclear factor (NF)-kB p65; pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells


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