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Dig Dis Sci. 2019 May;64(5):1320-1327. doi: 10.1007/s10620-018-5394-8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.

Significant Morbidity and Mortality Associated with Fecal Impaction in Patients Who Present to the Emergency Department.

Author information

1
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
2
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. alembo@bidmc.harvard.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Fecal impaction (FI) is defined as a large mass of stool in the rectum and/or colon that is unable to be evacuated. No study to date details demographics and outcomes in a sizeable sample of FI patients in the USA.

AIMS:

The present study aims to develop knowledge of FI by reporting descriptive measures and outcomes of patients presenting to a US emergency department (ED) with FI.

METHODS:

Medical charts coded with FI at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center from 2016 or 2017 were identified retrospectively. Patients diagnosed with FI in the ED or subsequent to direct hospital admission from the ED were included. Patient-specific demographics, visit-specific details, medical and medication histories, and hospital treatment and outcome measures were included in a database and analyzed.

RESULTS:

Thirty-two patients (mean age of 72.9 years, 62.5% female) had a total of 42 ED visits with FI. Patients had an average of 8.7 diagnoses and 11.2 medications listed in their charts. 54.8% of patients were taking at least one commonly prescribed constipating medication. The median total length of stay for admitted patients was 3 days, with nearly 90% of the ED visits with FI requiring hospital admission. 40.6% of patients experienced serious FI-related morbidities, and 21.9% of patients with FI died in the hospital.

CONCLUSION:

Patients presenting with FI had high risk of morbidity and mortality, complex medical histories, and large numbers of active treatment regimens. Patients with FI should receive immediate treatment and close monitoring for morbidities and complications.

KEYWORDS:

Constipation; Epidemiology; Fecal impaction; Morbidity; Mortality; Opioids

PMID:
30535766
PMCID:
PMC6499648
[Available on 2020-05-01]
DOI:
10.1007/s10620-018-5394-8

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