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Rev Chilena Infectol. 2018;35(3):276-282. doi: 10.4067/s0716-10182018000300276.

[Persons living with HIV/AIDS: ethnic and sociocultural differences in Chile].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Depto. Salud Pública-CIGES, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile.
2
Unidad de Infectología, Departamento de Medicina Interna, Hospital Hernán Henríquez Aravena, Temuco, Chile.
3
Fundación Arriarán, Hospital San Borja Arriarán, Temuco, Chile.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The association between ethnicity and HIV/AIDS is an emerging and unexplored issue in Chile.

AIM:

To determine the profile of patients with HIV/AIDS by ethnicity and socioeconomic factors associated with diagnostic-therapeutic opportunity in the Araucania and Metropolitan regions.

METHODS:

Cross-sectional study with 558 patients from two centers of HIV/AIDS in Chile. Data were collected using a questionnaire with clinical and sociocultural data obtained under informed consent. Descriptive analysis raw and stratified associations for each variable was performed.

RESULTS:

Mapuche patients were mostly male, heterosexual (53.1%), lower average age (36.7 years), educational and income level lower than no Mapuche patients. The median of CD4(+) lymphocytes from Mapuche patients was the lowest in the sample, less than 51 cells/mm3, under 25 percentile (CI 38-123). Lifestyle variables indicated that drug use, number of sexual partners, and relationships between men were associated with higher levels of income, education and no Mapuche ethnicity.

CONCLUSION:

There are differences between Mapuche and non Mapuche patients regarding their sociocultural and clinical status, which generates health inequalities.

PMID:
30534907
DOI:
10.4067/s0716-10182018000300276
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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