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Front Psychol. 2018 Nov 23;9:2324. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02324. eCollection 2018.

An Investigation of Self-Directed Learning Skills of Undergraduate Students.

Author information

1
Department of Primary Education, Faculty of Education, Kastamonu University, Kastamonu, Turkey.
2
Division of Lifelong Learning and Adult Education, Faculty of Education, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

The aims of this study were to reveal university students' self-directed learning skills and determine whether these skills vary based on university type, gender, field of study, year of study, academic success, type of university entrance score, income level, and the desire to pursue a graduate degree. Also, this study explored the relationship between university students' self-directed learning skills and their lifelong learning tendencies. The study group of the survey comprised 2,600 first and fourth-year students from same departments of Hacettepe and Başkent Universities. The study collected its data by using "Self-Directed Learning Skills Scale" designed by Aşkin (2015). Moreover, Diker-Coşkun's "Lifelong Learning Tendencies Scale" was used to explore the relationship between university students' self-directed learning skills and their lifelong learning tendencies. The results revealed that university students' self-directed learning scores were above the median score of the scale. Self-directed learning skills were found not to vary based on university, year of study, income level. However, gender, field of study, university entrance score type, academic success and the desire to pursue a graduate degree made a significant difference on university students' self-directed learning skills. Finally, a moderate positive relationship was detected between self-directed learning skills and lifelong learning tendencies. In summary it can be said that, undergraduate students have self-directed learning skills and these skills are related to lifelong learning.

KEYWORDS:

lifelong learning; self-directed learning; self-directed learning skills; self-direction; undergradute students

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