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Sci Rep. 2018 Dec 10;8(1):17738. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-36142-4.

Bioluminescent reporter assay for monitoring ER stress in human beta cells.

Author information

1
Departments of Cell and Chemical Biology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.
2
Departments of Immunohematology & Blood Transfusion, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.
3
Internal Medicine, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.
4
Department of Diabetes Immunology, Diabetes & Metabolism Research Institute, City of Hope, Duarte, USA.
5
Departments of Cell and Chemical Biology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. A.Zaldumbide@LUMC.nl.

Abstract

During type 1 diabetes development, cells in the islets of Langerhans engage adaptive mechanisms in response to inflammatory signals to cope with stress, to restore cellular homeostasis, and to preserve cell function. Disruption of these mechanisms may induce the formation of a repertoire of stress-induced neoantigens, which are critical in the loss of tolerance to beta cells and the development of autoimmunity. While multiple lines of evidence argue for a critical role of the endoplasmic reticulum in these processes, the lack of tools to specifically monitor beta cell stress hampers the development of therapeutic interventions focusing on maintaining endoplasmic reticulum homeostasis. Here we designed and evaluated a stress-induced reporter in which induction of stress correlates with increased light emission. This Gaussia luciferase-based reporter system employs the unconventional cytoplasmic splicing of XBP1 to report ER stress in cells exposed to known ER-stress inducers. Linking this reporter to a human beta cell-specific promotor allows tracing ER-stress in isolated human beta cells as well as in the EndoC-βH1 cell line. This reporter system represents a valuable tool to assess ER stress in human beta cells and may aid the identification of novel therapeutics that can prevent beta cell stress in human pancreatic islets.

PMID:
30532033
PMCID:
PMC6288136
DOI:
10.1038/s41598-018-36142-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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