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J Hazard Mater. 2019 Mar 15;366:321-328. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.12.007. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Design of O2/SO2 dual-doped porous carbon as superior sorbent for elemental mercury removal from flue gas.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Coal Combustion, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, China.
2
State Key Laboratory of Coal Combustion, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, China. Electronic address: liujing27@mail.hust.edu.cn.
3
Wuhan Senyuan Lantian Environmental Technology Engineering Co Ltd, Wuhan, 430074, China.

Abstract

A porous carbon was synthesized via hydrothermal carbonization and CO2 activation. O2 and SO2 were successfully co-doped onto carbon surface by applying non-thermal plasma technique. Porous carbon possessing excellent textural properties is effective to adsorb the radicals generated by plasma. Plasma promotes the adsorption of O2 and SO2 on carbon surface with the formation of abundant CO, C-S and C-SOx (x = 1-3) groups. The O2/SO2 dual-doped porous carbon was utilized to adsorb elemental mercury (Hg0) from the flue gas of coal combustion. The Hg0 adsorption ability of the O2/SO2 dual-doped porous carbon is closely related with the concentrations of O2 and SO2 for plasma treatment and the treatment time. The optimal O2/SO2 dual-doped porous carbon exhibited far greater Hg0 adsorption capacity than a commercial brominated activated carbon. Density functional theory was employed to understand the Hg0 adsorption mechanism at the molecular level. CO, C-S and C-SOx (x = 1-3) groups enhanced the interaction of Hg0 with surface carbon atom. The activity of them for enhancing Hg0 adsorption is in the order of C-SO2 >  CO > C-S > C-SO > C-SO3. Porous carbon can be activated by plasma in flue gas containing O2 and SO2, and used as superior sorbent for Hg0 removal.

KEYWORDS:

Biomass material; Mercury; Non-thermal plasma; O(2)/SO(2) co-dope; Porous carbon; Removal

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