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J Infect. 2018 Dec 5. pii: S0163-4453(18)30354-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2018.10.016. [Epub ahead of print]

Differential T cell responses against DosR-associated antigen Rv2028c in BCG-vaccinated populations with tuberculosis infection.

Author information

1
Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Virology of MOE/MOH, Fudan University, 2901 Caolang Rd., Shanghai 201508, China; School of Laboratory Medicine and Life Science, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325035, China.
2
School of Laboratory Medicine and Life Science, Jinlin Agriculture University, Changchun 130033, China.
3
Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Virology of MOE/MOH, Fudan University, 2901 Caolang Rd., Shanghai 201508, China.
4
School of Laboratory Medicine and Life Science, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325035, China; Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Virology of MOE/MOH, Fudan University, 2901 Caolang Rd., Shanghai 201508, China; School of Laboratory Medicine and Life Science, Jinlin Agriculture University, Changchun 130033, China. Electronic address: xyfan008@fudan.edu.cn.

Abstract

The IFN-γ release assays (IGRAs) based on region of difference 1 (RD1) antigens have improved diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. However, IGRAs with these antigens could not distinguish latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) from active tuberculosis (ATB). DosR regulon genes are thought to be important for Mtb dormancy, and their products have higher immunogenicity in LTBI than ATB individuals, suggesting protective immunity mediated by DosR regulon-encoded antigens and potential utility of them for differential diagnostics of Mtb-infected populations or development of therapeutic vaccines against tuberculosis (TB). Among them, Rv2028c is a dormancy-related antigen that has demonstrated potential use in TB control, but its immunological characteristics in the BCG-vaccinated Chinese population are unknown. In this study, a total of 148 individuals, including 98 patients with ATB, 20 cases with LTBI and 30 healthy controls, were tested for Rv2028c-specific T cell responses by using an IFN-γ ELISA assay. The results showed that the T-cell responses in LTBI individuals were almost always higher than those in ATB patients, regardless of the site of infection or the results of bacteriological examination in the patients. This allowed for good differentiation between these two groups of Mtb-infected individuals even in the BCG-vaccinated high TB-incidence setting that pertains in China. In addition, the diagnostic efficacy for ATB was enhanced by combining the results from Rv2028c and RD1 antigen-based IFN-γ ELISA assays. In conclusion, Rv2028c-specific T-cell responses might contribute to natural protection against dormant Mtb infection, and the determination of these responses can aid discrimination between healthy LTBI individuals and ATB patients in the Mtb-infected populations.

KEYWORDS:

DosR regulon; IFN-γ release assay; Latency antigen; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; Protective immunity; Rv2028c

PMID:
30528871
DOI:
10.1016/j.jinf.2018.10.016

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