Send to

Choose Destination
J Perianesth Nurs. 2019 Jun;34(3):594-599. doi: 10.1016/j.jopan.2018.09.011. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Effectiveness of a Pre-emptive Preoperative Belladonna and Opium Suppository on Postoperative Urgency and Pain After Ureteroscopy.



Postoperative ureteroscopy patients can develop bladder spasms, complaints of pain, and the urgent need to void during emergence from anesthesia. Discomfort leads to patient agitation, resulting in a risk to patient safety. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a preemptive preoperative belladonna and opium (B + O) suppository on postoperative bladder comfort, narcotic requirements, and length of stay of ureteroscopy patients.


A prospective double-blind study was conducted.


Fifty adult outpatients scheduled for ureteroscopy were assigned to routine care or a B + O suppository immediately after anesthesia induction. Urinary urgency and pain were assessed every 15 minutes.


Urgency significantly decreased in the B+O group, with less than half reporting urgency at discharge.


Pre-emptive preoperative administration of a B + O suppository before ureteroscopy results in decreased urinary urgency during the postoperative recovery. Pre-emptive preoperative interventions can result in positive outcomes before discharge.


postoperative period; suppositories; ureteroscopy; urinary bladder

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center