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J Dairy Sci. 2019 Jan;102(1):135-139. doi: 10.3168/jds.2018-14733. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Short communication: Source tracking Bacillus cereus in an extended-shelf-life milk processing plant using partial sequencing of rpoB and multilocus sequence typing.

Author information

1
Department of Consumer and Food Sciences, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield, Pretoria 0028, South Africa.
2
Department of Consumer and Food Sciences, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield, Pretoria 0028, South Africa. Electronic address: elna.buys@up.ac.za.

Abstract

We used rpoB partial sequencing and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) to characterize 7 Bacillus cereus strains obtained at the following points: ESL milk during shelf life, pasteurized milk, raw milk, and filler nozzles after cleaning in place. The objective of the study was to determine relatedness among B. cereus isolates from several sampling points along an ESL processing plant with the aim of source tracking. The study revealed that isolates from filler nozzles shared 100% similarity with isolates from ESL milk and raw milk using rpoB sequencing. It also revealed that isolates from pasteurized milk shared 100% similarities with isolates from filler nozzles and ESL milk using MLST. We suggest 3 routes of B. cereus contamination in ESL milk. We showed that B. cereus contamination of ESL milk might be through raw milk and biofilms from filler nozzles. In addition, rpoB partial sequencing and MLST can be used as tools for source tracking in ESL milk processing.

KEYWORDS:

Bacillus cereus; extended shelf life milk; housekeeping gene; source tracking

PMID:
30527979
DOI:
10.3168/jds.2018-14733

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