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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2018 Nov 30;56(4):371-378.

Cost of medical attention in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Unidad de Investigación Epidemiológica y en Servicios de Salud. Querétaro, Querétaro, México

Abstract

in English, Spanish

Background:

The chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a preventable entity, when it develops the patient suffers severe complications, with a high economic impact for the patient and for health services.

Objetive:

To determine the cost of medical care in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Methods:

Using a cost design, the files of patients with COPD who attended the pulmonology clinic were analyzed. The size of the sample (n = 265) was calculated with the formula of averages of a finite population. The sample units were captured with the simple random technique. The study variables were: sociodemographic characteristics, characteristics of COPD, annual use profile, unit cost per service, total cost per service and total cost of medical care. The analysis plan included averages, percentages, confidence intervals and health expenditure projections.

Results:

The average annual cost of patient care with COPD was $ 89 479.08, of which $ 61 267.63 corresponded to medications. With a COPD prevalence of 25% in a population of 46 million, the calculated cost of care was $ 347 805 183 960.

Conclusion:

The cost of medical care in patients with COPD was high, at the expense of medications.

KEYWORDS:

Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive; Medical Care; Costs and Cost Analysis

PMID:
30521740

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