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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2018 Nov 30;56(4):418-423.

Pulmonary embolectomy in a case of subacute pulmonary embolism, with previous unsuccessful fibrinolysis

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Medicina, División de Estudios de Posgrado. Ciudad de México, México

Abstract

in English, Spanish

Background:

Pulmonary embolism is a potentially fatal heart condition that requires prompt restoration of blood flow in the pulmonary vascular bed and prevention of recurrent events. Mortality is associated to the degree of hemodynamic repercussion, complications and opportunity in the treatment.

Case report:

Male 33 years of age who began with sudden dyspnea, chest pain of moderate intensity, sweating and syncope. His admission vitals signs: blood pressure 100/70 mm Hg, heart rate 125 beats per minute, respiratory rate 24; peripheral saturation 85 %. Physical examination: grade I jugular engorgement at 45 degrees, rhythmic heart sounds, with auscultation of systolic murmur I/IV in tricuspid focus and second reinforced heart sound. Rest of exploration without relevant data. The echocardiogram showed data of right ventricular failure and systolic pulmonary artery pressure of 60 mm Hg; the angiotomography showed thrombosis of both branches of the pulmonary artery. The patient received fibrinolytic therapy with tecneteplase 50 mg single bolus and antithrombotic therapy. Due to persistence of residual thrombus, the patient underwent surgical bilateral embolectomy.

Conclusion:

Surgical pulmonary embolectomy rescue is an alternative management with highly satisfactory results.

KEYWORDS:

Pulmonary Embolism; Embolectomy; Fibrinolysis; Fibrinolytic Agents; Thrombosis

PMID:
30521160

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