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Curr HIV Res. 2018;16(4):288-296. doi: 10.2174/1570162X17666181205130532.

The Effect of MSM and CD4+ Count on the Development of Cancer AIDS (AIDS-defining Cancer) and Non-cancer AIDS in the HAART Era.

Author information

1
School of Public Health, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.
2
Community Health and Epidemiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The HIV epidemic is increasing among Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) and the risk for AIDS defining cancer (ADC) is higher among them.

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the effect of MSM and CD4+ count on time to cancer AIDS (ADC) and noncancer AIDS in competing risks setting in the HAART era.

METHOD:

Using Ontario HIV Treatment Network Cohort Study data, HIV-positive adults diagnosed between January 1997 and October 2012 having baseline CD4+ counts ≤ 500 cells/mm3 were evaluated. Two survival outcomes, cancer AIDS and non-cancer AIDS, were treated as competing risks. Kaplan-Meier analysis, Cox cause-specific hazards (CSH) model and joint modeling of longitudinal and survival outcomes were used.

RESULTS:

Among the 822 participants, 657 (79.9%) were males; 686 (83.5%) received anti-retroviral (ARV) ever. Regarding risk category, the majority (58.5%) were men who have Sex with men (MSM). Mean age was 37.4 years (SD = 10.3). In the multivariate Cox CSH models, MSM were not associated with cancer AIDS but with non-cancer AIDS [HR = 2.92; P = 0.055, HR = 0.54; P = 0.0009, respectively]. However, in joint models of longitudinal and survival outcomes, MSM were associated with cancer AIDS but not with non-cancer AIDS [HR = 3.86; P = 0.013, HR = 0.73; P = 0.10]. CD4+ count, age, ARV ever were associated with both events in the joint models.

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrates the importance of considering competing risks, and timedependent biomarker in the survival model. MSM have higher hazard for cancer AIDS. CD4+ count is associated with both survival outcomes.

KEYWORDS:

AIDS-defining cancer; HAART; MSM; cause-specific hazard; competing risks; joint model.

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