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Eur J Appl Physiol. 2019 Feb;119(2):465-473. doi: 10.1007/s00421-018-4045-2. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Force-velocity profiling of sprinting athletes: single-run vs. multiple-run methods.

Author information

1
Norwegian Olympic and Paralympic Committee and Confederation of Sports, Oslo, Norway.
2
University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
3
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
4
Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä, Jyvaskyla, Finland.
5
Norwegian Olympic and Paralympic Committee and Confederation of Sports, Oslo, Norway. goran.paulsen@olympiatoppen.no.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study explored the agreement between a single-run and a multiple-run method for force-velocity (Fv) profiling of sprinting athletes; we evaluated both absolute values and changes over time caused by sprint training.

METHODS:

Seventeen female handball players (23 ± 3 years, 177 ± 7 cm, 73 ± 6 kg) performed 30 m un-resisted and resisted sprints (50, 80 and 110 N resistance) before and after an 8-week sprint training intervention. Two approaches were used to calculate theoretical maximal velocity (v0), horizontal force (F0), power (Pmax), and the force-velocity slope (SFv): (1) the single-run method, based on inverse dynamics applied to the centre-of-mass movement, was calculated from anthropometric and sprint split time data; and (2) the multiple-run method, where peak velocity from un-resisted and resisted sprints were plotted against the horizontal resistances.

RESULTS:

Trivial differences in v0 (0.7%) were observed between the two calculation methods. Corresponding differences for F0, Pmax and SFv were 16.4, 15.6 and 17.6%, respectively (most likely; very large effect size). F0 showed poor agreement between the methods (r = 0.26 and 0.16 before and after the intervention). No substantial correlation between the changes (from pre- to post-training tests) in SFV calculated with the single-run and the multiple-run methods were observed (r = 0.03) [corrected].

CONCLUSIONS:

This study revealed poor agreement between the Fv relationships of the investigated calculation methods. In practice, both methods may have a purpose, but the single-run and the multiple-run methods appear to measure somewhat different sprint properties and cannot be used interchangeably.

KEYWORDS:

Acceleration; Running; Sprint mechanical properties; Testing

PMID:
30519907
DOI:
10.1007/s00421-018-4045-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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