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J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2018 Dec 5. doi: 10.1089/lap.2018.0530. [Epub ahead of print]

Is It Safe for Trainees to Perform Single-Incision Pediatric Endosurgery Splenectomy?

Author information

1
1 Department of Pediatric Surgery, King Fahd Armed Forces Hospital , Jeddah, Saudi Arabia .
2
2 Department of Haematology and Oncology, and King Fahd Armed Forces Hospital , Jeddah, Saudi Arabia .
3
3 Department of Anaesthesia, King Fahd Armed Forces Hospital , Jeddah, Saudi Arabia .

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Few centers worldwide have advanced single-incision pediatric endosurgery (SIPES) splenectomy. The safety and feasibility of SIPES performed by trainees were not assessed before. SIPES splenectomy is a demanding technique that needs high level of skills. This is the largest series of 39 SIPES splenectomies performed by 14 trainees in one single center.

AIMS:

To assess the safety, feasibility, and technical challenges of SIPES splenectomy performed by trainees and to compare it with other published series.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Retrospective study of all patients operated with SIPES splenectomy for 7 years. SIPES port was inserted through 1.5 cm umbilical incision. One type of port and straight regular instruments were used in all cases.

RESULTS:

Forty-nine patients underwent SIPES splenectomy. Eighty percent was done by our trainees. Six cholecystectomies were done simultaneously. Forty-five patients with sickle cell disease, two with thalassemia, one spherocytosis, and one Fanconi's anemia. Mean operative time (MOT) for splenectomy was 182 minutes (130-190) and 251 minutes for splenectomy with cholecystectomy (230-270) depending on severity of adhesions and size of the spleen; P value <.001. Two conversions have to be opened due to bleeding. There is neither wound infection nor incisional hernia up to date.

CONCLUSION:

SIPES splenectomy is safe and feasible when performed by surgical trainees without adding any morbidity to the patient. Learning curve can quickly improve with more exposure of trainee to different SIPES procedures and hands-on workshops. More than one procedure could be done at the same time. It has excellent cosmesis and almost invisible scar.

KEYWORDS:

SILS; SIPES splenectomy; single port; splenectomy

PMID:
30517054
DOI:
10.1089/lap.2018.0530

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