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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2019 Jun;1445(1):17-26. doi: 10.1111/nyas.13995. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Early career biomedical grantsmanship self-efficacy: validation of an abbreviated self-assessment tool.

Author information

1
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota Twin Cities, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
2
Dakota County Public Health Department, West St. Paul, Minnesota.
3
The Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine, Washington State University, Spokane, Washington.
4
Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.
5
Health Science Center, University of North Texas, Fort Worth, Texas.
6
Public Health and Psychiatry, University of Colorado - Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado.
7
Department of Pharmacology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.
8
Minority Health and Health Disparities Research Center, University of South Alabama Medical Center, Mobile, Alabama.
9
Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
10
Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Genetics, University of North Texas, Fort Worth, Texas.
11
Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
12
Department of Family and Preventative Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Abstract

A hallmark of success for early career biomedical researchers is the acquisition of research funding. There are marked disparities among principal investigators who submit grants and the likelihood of receiving national funding. The National Research Mentoring Network was funded by the National Institutes of Health to diversify the biomedical research workforce and included grantsmanship training for early career researchers. Self-efficacy in developing research grant applications is significantly improved over time with training and experience. We created a 19-item self-efficacy assessment inventory. Our aims were to confirm the internal consistency of a three-factor solution for grantsmanship confidence and to test the likelihood that self-efficacy influences grant proposal submission timing. We gathered data from 190 diverse biomedical trainees who completed NRMN grantsmanship training between August 2015 and June 2017. Findings revealed high internal consistency for items in each of three factors. There was a statistically significant association between self-efficacy mean scores and grant submission timing predicting that, for every one-point increase in the mean score, the odds of submitting a grant 6 months post-training increased by 69%. An abbreviated inventory of grantsmanship skills self-efficacy is a promising tool for monitoring changes over time in early career researchers and for promoting tailored grantsmanship interventions.

KEYWORDS:

research grantsmanship; research workforce diversity; self-efficacy assessments; the U.S. National Research Mentoring Network

PMID:
30515830
PMCID:
PMC6551308
[Available on 2020-06-01]
DOI:
10.1111/nyas.13995

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