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BMC Cancer. 2018 Dec 4;18(1):1218. doi: 10.1186/s12885-018-5127-6.

Microsatellite instability test using peptide nucleic acid probe-mediated melting point analysis: a comparison study.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-752, South Korea.
2
Brain Korea 21 PLUS Projects for Medical Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-752, South Korea.
3
Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, 120-752, South Korea.
4
Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Gastroenterology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, 120-752, South Korea.
5
Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London, W120NN, UK.
6
Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-752, South Korea. wkkim@yuhs.ac.
7
Brain Korea 21 PLUS Projects for Medical Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-752, South Korea. wkkim@yuhs.ac.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Analysis of high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) phenotype in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is important for evaluating prognosis and choosing a proper adjuvant therapy. Although the conventional MSI analysis methods such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) fragment analysis and immunohistochemistry (IHC) show high specificity and sensitivity, there are substantial barriers to their use.

METHODS:

In this study, we analyzed the MSI detection performance of three molecular tests and IHC. For the molecular tests, we included a recently developed peptide nucleic acid probe (PNA)-mediated real-time PCR-based method using five quasi-monomorphic mononucleotide repeat markers (PNA method) and two conventional PCR fragment analysis methods using NCI markers (NCI method) or five quasi-monomorphic mononucleotide repeat markers (MNR method). IHC analysis was performed with four mismatch repair proteins. The performance of each method was validated in 166 CRC patient samples, which consisted of 76 MSI-H and 90 microsatellite stable (MSS) CRCs previously diagnosed by NCI method.

RESULTS:

Of the 166 CRCs, 76 MSI-H and 90 MSS CRCs were determined by PNA method. On the other hand, 75 MSI-H and 91 MSS CRCs were commonly determined by IHC and MNR methods. Based on the originally diagnosed MSI status, PNA showed 100% sensitivity and 100% specificity while IHC and MNR showed 98.68% sensitivity and 100% specificity. When we analyzed the maximum sensitivity of MNR and PNA method, which used the same five markers, PNA method could detect alterations in all five mononucleotide repeat markers in samples containing down to 5% MSI-H DNAs, whereas MNR required at least 20% MSI-H DNAs to achieve the same performance.

CONCLUSIONS:

Based on these findings, we suggest that PNA method can be used as a practical laboratory test for the diagnosis of MSI.

KEYWORDS:

Colorectal cancer; Microsatellite instability; Peptide nucleic acid probe and immunohistochemistry; Real-time polymerase chain reaction

PMID:
30514259
PMCID:
PMC6280403
DOI:
10.1186/s12885-018-5127-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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