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Nutrients. 2018 Dec 3;10(12). pii: E1895. doi: 10.3390/nu10121895.

Two-Week Exclusive Supplementation of Modified Ketogenic Nutrition Drink Reserves Lean Body Mass and Improves Blood Lipid Profile in Obese Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi-do 17104, Korea. hrchoi92@naver.com.
2
Nutritional Product R&D team, Maeil Innovation Center, Maeil Dairies Co., Ltd., Pyeongtaek, Gyeonggi-do 17714, Korea. kim0521@maeil.com.
3
MDwell Inc., Seoul 06170, Korea. hjlim@daewoong.co.kr.
4
Department of Medical Nutrition, Graduate School of East-West Medical Science, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi-do 17104, Korea. ypark@khu.ac.kr.

Abstract

The ketogenic diet has long been recommended in patients with neurological disorders, and its protective effects on the cardiovascular system are of growing research interest. This study aimed to investigate the effects of two-week of low-calorie ketogenic nutrition drinks in obese adults. Subjects were randomized to consume drinks either a ketone-to-non-ketone ratio of 4:1 (KD 4:1), a drink partially complemented with protein at 1.7:1 (KD 1.7:1), or a balanced nutrition drink (BD). Changes in body weight, body composition, blood lipid profile, and blood ketone bodies were investigated. Blood ketone bodies were induced and maintained in the group that consumed both 4:1 and 1.7:1 ketogenic drinks (p < 0.001). Body weight and body fat mass significantly declined in all groups between 0 and 1 week and between 1 and 2 weeks (p < 0.05), while skeletal muscle mass remained unchanged only in the KD 1.7:1 group (p > 0.05). The blood lipid profile improved, appetite was reduced, and fullness was maintained in the two ketogenic drink groups. This study indicates the possibility for the development of obesity treatments based on ketogenic nutrition drinks even with a moderate ketogenic ratio of 1.7:1, as well as adjuvant therapies based on ketosis induction and maintenance for the treatment of other diseases and health conditions.

KEYWORDS:

food for special dietary use; ketogenic diet; nutrition drink; obesity; weight loss

PMID:
30513970
PMCID:
PMC6316485
DOI:
10.3390/nu10121895
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Conflict of interest statement

H.-R.C. and Y.K.P. have no conflicts of interest to declare. J.K. is employed at Maeil Dairies Co., Ltd. company that developed the product and H.L. is employed at MDwell Inc. distributor of the nutrition drink. The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results.

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